The northern population occurs in the taiga with large trees and in swamps, often near open water. It also occurs at the edge where the forest meets farmland but avoids dense forests, especially coniferous forests. The smaller population that is found in southern Europe nests in the beech forests and mountain forests, and prefers moist soils.
Ural Owl usually have their nests in rough high tree stumps or in abandoned bird of prey nests, but nowadays most often in specially made nesting boxes.
It mainly eats small rodents, amphibians and insects but also birds and even other owls.
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